to my collection of
Photos from Guam
Guam is a tropical Island located in the Western Pacific,
north of the equator. It is a part of Micronesia.
The Chamorros, Guam's indigenous people, first populated the island approximately 4,000 years ago.
first contact with the west was in the 1600's when Spanish ships
stopped there on their way from New Spain (Mexico) to The Philippines.
Jesuit Priests soon followed. The island has a long history of European colonialism. First discovered by Europeans on March 6, 1521, by Ferdinand Magellan, the first colony was established in 1668 by Spain with the arrival of settlers including Padre San Vitores, a Catholic missionary. The island was controlled by Spain until 1898, when it was surrendered to the United States as part of the Treaty of Paris following the Spanish-American War.
As the largest island in Micronesia and the only American-held island in the region before World War II, Guam was captured by the Japanese on December 8, 1941, hours after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, and was occupied for two and a half years.Guam was subject to fierce fighting when American troops recaptured the island on July 21, 1944, a date commemorated every year as Liberation Day, in a celebration that lasts all month.
Guam is a Commonwealth within the
USA. It is a popular diving and tourism destination for people
in the Pacific and Asia.